According to I.K.Davies (1971), “educational technology is concerned with the problems of education and training context and it is characterized by the disciplined and systematic approach to the organization of resources for learning”.
According to the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) (2006), Educational Technology could be defined in simple terms as the “efficient organization of any learning system, adapting or adopting methods, processes, and products to serve identified educational goals”. This would involve the following:
- Systematic identification of the goals of education, taking into account nationwide need (higher scalability, for instance), the system capabilities, and the students’ needs and potential.
- Recognition of the diversity of learners’ needs, contexts in which learning will take place, and range of provisions needed for them.
- Recognition of not only immediate needs of children but also their future needs in relation to the society for which we are preparing them.
- Designing, providing, and enabling appropriate teaching-learning systems that can be realized the identified goals.
- Developing a range of support systems and training methods, creating the enabling systemic conditions, reaching these to the school system, and training teachers and students to use them.
- Research into existing and new techniques, strategies and the technologies for solving problems of education, enabling the judicious and appropriate application of the technology.
- Appreciation of the role of Education Technology as an agent of change in the classroom, influencing the teacher and the teaching-learning process, and its role in systemic issues like reach, equity, and quality. (This appreciation should not be limited to educators alone, but should extend to planners and the administrators as well, since systems both at the micro and macro levels would be necessary to meet current challenges of education).
Educational technology or technology of education means technology applied to education which emphasizes the use of products of technology such as television, radio, tape-recorder, compact disc, computer, etc. in the field of education with a view to strengthening the teaching-learning process.
The educational technology also means that the application of scientific principles or principles drawn from any branch of knowledge to the development of some new technique, method, device, model or design which improves the quality of any existing practice in any of the dimension of education. It may be confined to teaching or instruction, administration, testing, curriculum development, teacher training and so on. Educational technology may also be considered as an applied science which means any principle discovered in any branch of knowledge used for developing some more effective technique of educational practice.
The word of education has also been influenced by the increased use of technology. It has provided valuable help in improving the task of the teacher, strengthen the process of teaching-learning and enriching goals of education.
According to UNESCO specialist, educational technology is the communication process, resulting from the application of the scientific method to the behavioral science of teaching and learning. The communication may be or may not be required the use of media such as the Radio, Films, Television, Broadcast and the Cassettes.
At present the internet technology and advanced computer equipment are becoming indispensable regardless of work or life, both applications assisting us to work efficiently and access information smoothly. For example, in the previous days, if we wanted to conduct a meeting, we need to arrange it face to face and in a particular place. But now we have a video conference to attain the same effectiveness and save costs and time. The internet has become an important component in the educational institutions. “It makes possible to access the wide range of information, such as the journals, articles, papers, etc., from anywhere in the universe. It also enables scholars and academic institutions to disseminate information to a wider audience around the world. The internet, being a major product of technology, maybe a contributory factor in shifting away from a communicative towards a context-based approach to teaching context (Warschauer, 2002).
Today the internet has become an essential tool for teaching learning process. (Sadanand Y. Bansode and Shamprasad M. Pujar, 2008). Due to internet revolution, today’s world has shrunk into the shape of a global village and the entire world brought on to a computer monitor.
This Article Collect From:
- Vimalkumar, P. (2010). Effectiveness of blog based learning in Physics at Higher secondary level.