Relationship between Job Stress and Job Satisfaction
Occupational stress and Job satisfaction and both indicate people appraisal towards the workplace and work it. Several studies have tried to determine the link between stress and job satisfaction. Job satisfaction and job stress are the two hot focuses on human resource management researches. Teacher job satisfaction and stress can have both economic and personal implications as it can lead to stress-related employee absenteeism, burnout and a negative impact on pupil outcomes (Kyriacou, 1987). It has been found that job satisfaction and teacher stress are strongly correlated, as the amount of stress and degree of satisfaction experienced by teachers influences the quality of life of teachers (Pelsma & Richard, 1988). Events such as marriage, divorce, pregnancy, death of a loved one and change of residence are related to teachers’ life satisfaction that could affect their stress and performance at work (Hittner, 1981).
Job satisfaction and stress are inter-related things. If a person is stressed on his job and is not satisfied he will not be able to deliver 100% so efficiency will be affected. Good organizations try that such an environment should be provided to their employees that they remain satisfied and unstressed with the aim that their organizations excel to the maximum. Those organizations that do not care their employees get ultimately vanished from this global market of competition. There are various parameters which affect the employee -organization/employer relationship. Job timings, workload, number of employees versus load, less armamentarium, employer attitude, peers attitude, pay, bonus, shares and holidays are the few of the important factors which can lead to the stressed job environment. This is a golden rule that until and unless the input is 100% output cannot be approaching 100%. Various surveys have been conducted nationally and internationally to assess employers employee relationship, peers relationship, level of job satisfaction, with the aim to increase the satisfaction at the workplace and improve the efficiency of the organization which has lead to an improvement in employee-employer relationship to some extent. It is also worth mentioning that sometimes stress from home complicate job but that phase is usually temporarily. Most of the stressors come from job environment which has an impact on the job and employee satisfaction.
The quality of teaching depends upon active, dedicated and satisfied faculty members. Job satisfaction expresses the extent of match between employees’ expectations of the job and rewards that the job provides. It is an established fact that a satisfied faculty puts the best efforts to make teaching more effective. Job satisfaction positively influences the faculty’s performance, students’ achievement, organizational commitment, and work motivation. It provides happiness and contentment, whereas dissatisfaction from the job indicates negative feelings towards work and consequently the faculty apparently feels the stress of the occupation. Occupational stress occurs in situations in which discrepancies exist between occupational demands and opportunities on the one hand and the worker’s capacities needs and expectations on the other hand. Occupational stress is a stress reaction, which is both physiological, and psychological. In present times it has been strongly felt that teaching has become a very stressful profession. For faculty members, the sources of stress are generally the heavy workload, time pressure, poor working environment, time pressure, lack of recognition for work, delayed salaries, etc. Stress up to moderate level is helpful for the motivation but stress above the moderate level affects the physical and mental wellbeing of the faculty members. Teaching is a process of dealing with human minds. It is vital therefore that the faculty members must possess sound mental health. Evidently, the facets of faculty’s performance such as creativity, classroom management, and implementation of teaching techniques may suffer when job dissatisfaction and the level of occupational stress increases.
Article Collected From:
- Konka, S. (2015). A study on job stress and job satisfaction among faculty members belonging to krishna and guntur districts andhra pradesh.